Differentiate between “Coming Together Federations” and Holding Together Federations.
‘Coming Together’ Federations:
- It involves independent states coming together on their own to form a bigger unit, so that by pooling sovereignty and retaining identity they can increase their security.
- All constituent units have equal power and are strong vis-a-vis the federal government.
- Examples : USA, Switzerland, Australia.
‘Holding Together’ Federations:
- When a large country decides to divide its power between the constituent states and the national government.
- The Central government tends to be more powerful than the states.
- Examples : India, Spain, Belgium.