Did new spirit of individualism affect the family institution in cities?

  • The city of London encouraged a new spirit of individualism among both men and women and a freedom from the collective values that were a feature of the smaller rural communities.
  • Both men and women did not have equal access to this new urban space.
  • As women lost their industrial jobs, conservative people spoke against their presence in public spaces, women were forced to withdraw into their houses.
  • The public space became increasingly a male preserve and home was seen as the proper place for women.
  • So this theory of individualism promoted liberty, rights or independent action of the individual, rather than of the community or the family.