Describe three major divisions of the Himalayas running from north to south.
The following are the three major divisions of the Himalayas running from north to south:
The Himadri : It is the northern most range of the young Himalayan mountains. It contains most of the highest peaks like Mt Everest, Kanchenjunga etc.
The Himachal : It is also known as the lesser Himalayas. This range lies to the south of the Himadri. Almost all the hill stations such as Shimla, Nainital and Manali are located along this range.
The Siwaliks : This is the outermost range of the Himalayas. These ranges are made up of the sediments which are brought down from the rivers flowing from the northern Himalayan ranges. The valleys which separate the lesser Himalayas and the Siwaliks are called Duns or Doons, like Dehra Dun, Patli Dun and Kotli Dun.