Describe the three cropping seasons of India.
- Crops sown in winters and harvested in summers.
- Some of the important rabi crops are wheat, barley, peas, gram and mustard.
- States growing rabi crops are: Punjab, Haryana, Himachal, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh.
- Crops grown with the onset of monsoons and harvested in September or October.
- Important Kharif growing states are: Assam, West Bengal, coastal regions of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Maharashtra.
- Crops grown during this season are: rice, maize, jowar, bajra, tur, moong, urad, cotton, jute, groundnut and soyabean.
- It falls in between the rabi and kharif seasons.
- It’s a short season during the summer months.
- Major crops grown are: watermelon, muskmelon, cucumbers, vegetables and fodder crops.