# Describe the principle construction and working of an AC generator

Describe the principle construction and working of an AC generator. Draw neat labeled diagram

AC Generator Principle?
Based on the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction
Construction
Main parts of an ac generator:

• Armature? Rectangular coil ABCD
• Filed Magnets? Two pole pieces of a strong electromagnet
• Slip Rings? The ends of coil ABCD are connected to two hollow metallic rings R 1 and R2.
• Brushes? B1 and B2 are two flexible metal plates or carbon rods. They are fixed and are kept in tight contact with R1 and R2 respectively.

Theory and Working ? As the armature coil is rotated in the magnetic field, angle ? between the field and normal to the coil changes continuously. Therefore, magnetic flux linked with the coil changes. An emf is induced in the coil. According to Fleming�s right-hand rule, current induced in AB is from A to B and it is from C to D in CD. In the external circuit, current flows from B2 to B1.
To calculate the magnitude of emf induced:
Suppose
A? Area of each turn of the coil
N? Number of turns in the coil
? Strength of magnetic field
?? Angle which normal to the coil makes with at any instant t
? Magnetic flux linked with the coil in this position:
= NBA cos ? = NBA cos ? t �(i)
Where � ? � is angular velocity of the coil
As the coil rotates, angle ? changes. Therefore, magnetic flux ? linked with the coil changes and hence, an emf is induced in the coil. At this instant t, if e is the emf induced in the coil, then? e = NAB? sin? t