Describe some important features of the Mahanadi basin.
The Mahanadi is a major river in East Central India. The important features of Mahanadi basin are:
- The Mahanadi basin covers parts of the states of Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha and Maharashtra.
- This river rises in the highlands of Chhattisgarh and it flows through Odisha to form a delta in the Bay of Bengal.
- The length of the Mahanadi river is 860 km. It deposits more silt than any other river in the Indian subcontinent.
- The Mahanadi was notorious for its devastating flood in Odisha, thus it was called ‘the sorrow of Odisha’. Hirakud dam is built on it. Today, a network of Canals, barrages and Hirakud reservoir keep the river well in control. The water is used for irrigation.
- Some important tributaries of Mahanadi are Seonath, Mand, Hasdeo, Ong, Parry river, Jonk, Telen etc.