Describe in brief any four features of the Vienna Treaty of 1815.
Features of Vienna Treaty of 1815:
- Following the defeat of Napoleon in 1815, European governments were driven by a spirit of conservatism.
- In 1815, representatives of the European powers - Britain, Russia, Prussia and Austria met at Vienna to draw up a settlement for Europe.
- The Congress was hosted by the Austrian Chancellor Duke Mettemich.
- The delegates drew up the Treaty of Vienna of 1815 with object of undoing most of the changes that had come about in Europe during the Napoleon war.
- The Bourbon dynasty was restored to power.
- A series of states were set up on the boundaries of France to prevent French expansion in future.
- The Kingdom of the Netherlands, which included Belgium was set up in the north.
- Genoa was added to Piedmont in the south.
- Prussia was given new territories on its western frontiers.
- Austria was given control of northern Italy.
- In the east, Russia was given part of Poland while Prussia was given a portion of Saxony.