Describe any five major functions of Political Party

Describe any five major functions of Political Party.

Functions of Political Party:

  1. Political Parties Contest Flections: Elections are fought mainly among the candidates put up by political parties.
  2. Parties put forward different policies and programmes and the voters choose from them.
  3. Parties Make Laws: Parties play a decisive role in making laws for a country. Laws are debated and passed in the Legislature.
  4. Parties Form and Run Governments: The big policy decisions are taken by political executive that comes from political parties.
  5. Role of Opposition: Those parties that lose in the elections play the role of opposition to the parties in power by voicing different views and criticising government for its faliures.
  6. Parties Shape Public Opinions: They raise and highlight issues. Sometimes they launch movements for the resolution of problems faced by people.
  7. Parties provide people access to government machinery and welfare schemes implemented by governments. For an ordinary citizen, it is very easy to approach a local party leader than a government officers.