Describe any five attempts taken by Londoners to decongest localities during First World War.
- DEMANDS were made for new ‘lungs’ for the city and some attempts were made to bridge the difference between the city and the countryside through a green belt around London.
- Attempts were made to decongest localities, green and open spaces reduce pollution and landscape the city.
- Large blocks of apartments were built and rent control was introduced in Britain during the First World War to ease the impact of a severe housing shortage.
- Architect and planner Ebenezer Howard developed the principles of Garden city, a pleasant space full of plants and trees where people would both live and work. Such green spaces were believed to produce better quality citizens.
- Raymond Unwin and Barry Parkar developed the garden suburb of New Earswick based on Howard’s idea. It had common gardens and beautiful spaces but could eventually be afforded by only well-off workers.