Derive the second equation of motion s = ut + (1/2)at^{2} using the velocity-time graph.

Consider the linear motion of a body with an initial velocity u. Let the body accelerate uniformly and acquire a final velocity v after time t. The velocity–time graph is a straight line AB as shown below.

At t = 0, initial velocity = u = OA

At t = t, final velocity = v = OC

The distance S travelled in time t = area of the trapezium OABD

s = (1/2) x (OA + DB) × OD

s = (1/2) x (u + v) × t

Since v = u + at,

s = (1/2) x (u + u + at) × t

s = ut + (1/2) at^{2}