Energy possessed by a body by virtue of its motion is kinetic energy.
Consider a body of mass m initially at rest. If on application of force F, it travels a distance s, then
Work done, W = F x s
By Newton’s second law, F = ma
W = ma x s
where, a = acceleration
Using equation of motion v2 - u2 =2as, we get
(v2-u2)/2 = as
W = m x (v2 - u2)/2
As intial velocity is zero, W = ½mv2
This work done is stored as kinetic energy of the object.
So, KE = ½ mv2
Let the mass of lighter object be m1 and that of heavier object be m2.
For a given momentum, KE∝ 1/m So
, so lighter object has larger kinetic energy.