Correlate wildlife and natural vegetation in India and Brazil

Correlate wildlife and natural vegetation in India and Brazil

Natural vegetation and wild life in Brazil:

Since Brazil has a vast latitudinal and longitudinal extent, rainfall differs from one part of the country to the other. Equator crosses the northern part of the country. It rains throughout the year in the equatorial regions. Hence the northern part has equatorial forests. With the reduction in rainfall, the growth and availability of vegetation also decreases. Grasses and short shrubs grow in regions receiving low rainfall. Thorns and scrubs grow in areas of scanty rainfall.Trees like mahogany, pau brasil, rubber rosewood and variety of orchids are found in Brazil. Evergreen forests are found in the region which receive rainfall throughout the year.

A greater diversity of wild life is found in Brazil than in any other country in the world.

  • Huge anacondas are found in swampy areas of Pantanal.
  • Guinea pigs, crocodiles, alligators, monkeys, pumas and leopards are some of the animals that are found in Brazil.
  • While swordfish is found in the seas, pink dolphins and piranhas are found in the rivers.
  • Condors, a specie of vulture and various kinds of parrots, macaws and flamingos are the major birds that are found in the country.
  • Millions of varieties of insects are also found in the country.

Natural vegetation and wild life in India:

India has a tropical Monsoon type of climate

  • Tropical monsoon or evergreen forests are found in the areas receiving abundant sunlight and more than 2000mm of annual rainfall

  • Deciduous forests are found in the region with rainfall ranging between 1000mm to 2000mm.

  • Thorny scrub vegetation is found in the region that receives less than 500 mm of rainfall annually.

  • Mangrove forests are found in swampylands, estuaries and lagoons near the coastal regions. The roots of the thorny plants go deep into the soil in search of water.Rubber is an important tree that grows in tropical regions.

  • Forests that are found at higher altitudes in the Himalayas are known as montane forests.

  • India has a rich and a diverse wild life. Elephants are found in hot and humid forests of Kerala, Karnataka, West Bengal, Tami Nadu etc.

  • One-horned rhinoceroses are found in swampy and marshy lands of Assam.

  • Wild ass and camels are found in arid lands.Snow leopards and yak are found in the snow-capped regions of the Himalayas.

  • Indian bison, deer, antelopes and monkeys are found in the peninsular regions. India is the only country in the world where both tigers and lions are found.

  • Rivers, estuaries and coastal areas are the homes of many turtles, crocodiles and ‘gavials’ or ‘gharials’.

  • The forests and wetlands give shelter to variety of birds like peacocks, kingfishers, Indian bustards, ducks, parakeets, cranes and pigeons.