Analyse the three folded distribution of Legislative Powers between the Union Government and the State Government.
Analyse the three folded distribution of Legislative Powers between the Union Government and the State Government
Our constitutions has provided a three fold distribution of legislative power between the Union Government and the State Governments.
Union List: It includes subjects of national importance such as defence of the country, foreign affairs, banking, communications and currency. The union government alone can make laws on the subjects mentioned in the union list.
State List: It contains subjects of state and local importance such as police trade and commerce, agriculture and irrigation. The State Government alone can make laws relating to these subjects.
Concurrent List: It includes subjects of common interest to both the Union Government as well as the State Governments.
Such as education, forest, trade unions, marriage, adoption and succession. On these subjects Union and State Government can make laws. If there is any conflict with each other, the law made by the Union Government will prevail.
Residuary subjects: The subjects that come up after the constitution was made have been put in this list as they do not fall in any of the three lists. The Union Government has the power to legislate on these residuary subjects.