The salient features of Vascular plants:
(a) The plant body is differentiated into true stem, leaves and roots and show a distinct division of labour for leading photoautotrophic life on land. Roots fix the plant and absorb water and minerals from the soil.
(b) They possess vascular or conductive tissues xylem and phloem. Xylem transport water and mineral, while phloem conduct organic food.
(c) The dominant phase or plant body is a sporophyte. Gametophyte is reduced, either lives independent life or dependent upon the sporophyte.
(d) Multiplication occurs by vegetative propagation and sexual reproduction. Meiosis occurs at the time of spore formation (sporic meiosis) inside sporangia borne on leaves called sporophylls.
(e) An embryo stage is present in the life cycle.
(f) Vascular plants have adapted themselves to diverse environments by modification of their organs for other functions.