Main features of Indian agriculture at the eve of Independence are as follows :
(i) Agriculture was the major source of livelihood and
about 75% of country’s population derived their livelihood from agriculture.
(ii) The agricultural sector experienced stagnation and
deterioration during British rule.
(iii) British rulers introduced new land tenure system
which proved to be the prominent cause of
(iv) Agricultural production deteriorated because of,
lack of irrigational facilities and technological upgradation.
(v) Commercialisation of agriculture transformed Indian
agriculture into a raw material export activity.
(vi) Partition of the country had an adverse effect on
India’s agricultural production.