It is widely recognised that the rapid industralisation is causing a great damage to the environment because of following factors :
(i) The smoke and other chemicals from manufacturing plants pollute the air and has created a hole in the ozone layer leading to dangerous warming of earth.
(ii) The business enterprises dump chemical and other solid wastes into rivers, streams, lakes, etc. posing a serious threat to aquatic and human life.
(iii) Dumping of toxic wastes by the industries on land has damaged the quality of land.
(iv) Noise caused by running of factories, manu-facturing activities also creates noise pullution.