The people of Bastar were self-dependent and took care of natural resource within their boundary. But the Colonial Government introduced reserved forest and imposed restriction on shifting cultivation, hunting and collection of forest produce.
Villagers were allowed to stay only if they provided free labour but others were displaced without any notification or compensation.
Organisation of Rebellion
Initiative was taken by Dhurwas of the Kanger forest to organise people.
It is said that many people protested under leadership of Gunda Dhur. They looted Bazaars, houses of officials and traders, schools and police stations were burnt and robbed and grains were redistributed among the people. They attacked anyone who were in some way or other associated with colonial state and its oppressive laws.