Binomial system of Nomenclature :
(a) Naming of plants and animals with two words one generic and the other specific name is called binomial system of nomenclature.
(b) Carolus Linnaeus (18th century), a Swedish naturalist introduced this scientific system to name a species.
(c) He gave two names to a species : One is generic name while the other is specific name.
(d) This system of naming species by Linnaeus is called binomial system of nomenclature.
(e) Example Homo sapiens is the scientific name of modern man. The generic name is Homo while the specific name is sapiens and name of the discoverer is Linnaeus. (Linn) or the name of the author or describer. Mostly generic names are Latin.
(f) Linnaeus explained this sytem is his work Systema Naturae (published in the year 1758).
(g) Carolus Linnaeus (Carl Von Linnae) is called Father of Taxonomy or classification.
Scientific name of Mango: Mangifera indica. Generic name is Mangifera, the specific name indica.