.What is the present scenario of HIV infection in Andhra Pradesh ? What are the causes for HIV infection ?
A. 1) Andhra Pradesh has the highest number of HIV positive patients in the country.
2) According to official statistics, the state had 24 Lakh HIV positive patients in the
country during 2011 -12.
3) The prevalence of HIV is 1.07 per cent among males and 0.73 among females in the
state, which again is higher than other states.
4) HIV prevalence among adults (15 -49 years) 0.90 per cent, pregnant women 1.22 per cent in Andhra Pradesh.
5) Illiteracy, poor health, unemployment, migration, non-traditional sex practise,
unethical contacts and trafficking are some of the factors contributing to the spread of HIV in the state. •