Buffer stock is the stock of food grains (e.g., wheat,rice etc.) procured by the government through Food Corporation of India (FCI). It is created in order to distribute food grains in deficit areas and among poorer section of society at an affordable price.
Government has created buffer stock for the following reason
(i) Food grains like wheat and rice and procured by the government through FCI from surplus states. This food grains is then stored in granaries.
(ii) Government has created buffer stock to distribute these food grains in deficit areas and among the poor section of society at much lower price than market price.
(iii)It helps to resolve the problem of shortage of food during adverse weather condition.