What happened to the poor farmers after the use of new technology?

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peasants-and-farmers
cbse-class-9
cbse-class-9-social

#1

What happened to the poor farmers after the use of new technology?
Answer:

  • For the poorer farmers, machines brought misery.
  • They got loans from banks to buy these machines.
  • Those who borrowed found it difficult to repay their debts.
  • Many of them deserted their farms and looked for jobs elsewhere.
  • But jobs were difficult to find as mechanisation had reduced the need for labour.
  • Production had expanded so rapidly during the war and post-war years that there was surplus.
  • Wheat prices fell due to overproduction and export markets collapsed. This created the ground for the Great Agrarian Depression of the 1930s that ruined wheat farmers everywhere.