Main causes responsible for little success of planning in India are :
(i) Inappropriate Development Strategy—India
adopted heavy industry centered development
strategy with the hope to accelerate the pace
of development. But neither the rate of
development nor employment could increase.
(ii) Slow Progress of Industrial Sector—Industrial
progress was slow due to power shortage
irregular and insufficient supply of raw, materials, lack of capital and infrastructural facilities, etc.
(iii) Traditional Social Structure—It was because
of India’s traditional social structure, fruits
of planning could not reach to the weaker
sections of the society because of the caste
system, dowry system, etc. Mobility of
labour, inducement, to save and invest,
work incentives etc, have been greatly hurt,
Family planning could not succeed because
of traditional social outlook.