What are inter-state water disputes? Why are such issues raised? Give some examples of such disputes.
Ans. Inter-state water disputes are disagreements on the sharing of water and other resources of rivers and other water bodies among State Govemments.They arise due to unresolved problems regarding sharing of the costs and benefits of multi-purpose projects on these rivers.
Examples of such disputes are (i) The Kaveri river water dispute is among Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala and Puducherry.
(ii) The Krishna - Godavari water dispute is among Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
(iii) The Ravi - Beas rivers water dispute is between Punjab and Haryana.
(iv) The Yamuna river water dispute is between Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.