To what extent did the print culture create conditions for the spread of revolutionary ideas before the French Revolution of 1789?


Many historians believed that print culture created conditions for the French Revolution in 1789.
(i) The print technology popularised the ideas of the Enlightenment thinkers.
(ii) The writings of philosophers such as Rousseau, Voltaire were read widely and inspired the revolutionaries with ideas of freedom and equality.
(iii) In their writings the scholars attacked the authority of church and condemned the despotic rule of the state under absolute monarchy.
(iv) Collectively the writings provided a critical commentary on tradition, superstition and despotism.
(v) Theyarguedforthe ruleof reason and advocated the application of rationality before judging any situation.
(vi) They propagated revolution to bring about a new social order.
(vii) The print technology thus created a new culture of dialogue and debate. All values, norms and institutions were re-evaluated as the people were aware of reason.
(viii) By 1780, there was an outpouring of literature that mocked royalty and criticised their morality. In this process they created conditions for the French Revolution.