Name the methods employed in animal breeding

cbse-class-12

#1

Name the methods employed in animal breeding. According to you, which of the methods are best and why?


#2

Animal breeding is selective mating of animals to increase the possibility of obtaining desired traits in the offspring. Several methods employed in animal breeding are categorised as:
(i) Natural methods These methods are of the following two main types:
(a) Inbreeding
(b) Outbreeding
(ii) Artificial methods These methods are somewhat modern than the natural methods and are of following main types:
(a) Artificial Insemination (AI)
(b) Multiple Ovulation Embryo Transfer Technology (MOET)
According to me, artificial insemination is proved to be the best breeding method due to following reasons:
(i) It helps us to overcome several problems of normal matings.
(ii) It ensures the production of hybrids with the desired characters.
(iii) This method is economical, as a small amount of semen can be used to impregnate the females on a large scale. Semen can be stored and frozen for the later use.