(a) (i) Bryophyllum-vegetative propagation.
(it) and Plasmodium - multiple fission.
(b) Spores are covered with thick walls that protect them until they come into contact with a moist
(c)Budding and Regeneration.
Budding: A bud develops as an outgrowth due to repeated cell division at a specific site, these buds develop into tiny individuals, mature and detach from the parent to become new individuals. Regeneration: Specialized cells divide to form large number of Cells-undergo changes to become various cell types and tissues.