Indian textiles were in great demand all over the world. India accounted for one-fourth of the world’s manufactured goods in the seventeenth century.
There were million weavers in Bengal alone.
The Industrial Revolution led to the demand for raw materials such as cotton and indigo in Britain. This changed India’s status in the world economy;
Cheap British manufacture easily replaced coarser Indian one. Large number of Indian weavers and spinners were left without work. Important textile centres such as Mursidabad, Machilipatnam and Surat declined as demand fell.