Historians have identified several silk routes, over land and sea, knitting together vast regions of Asia and linking Asia with Europe and North Africa. These resulted in a vibrant pre-modern trade.
Through this route, Chinese pottery, Indian textiles and spices from South-East Asia travelled to Europe and North Africa. In return, gold and silver flowed from Europe to Asia.
The most well-known silk route connected China to Europe. West bound Chinese silk cargoes and Chinese pottery travelled through this route. Trade and cultural exchange always went hand in hand. Christian missionaries, Muslim preachers, Buddhist monks, all used the silk routes and religions spread from one region to another. These routes were used to spread religions like Buddhism, Christianity and Islam.