The new agricultural strategy implied use of better and improved inputs of agriculture which required more capital. Green Revolution would have benefitted only the rich farmers, if the government had not played an important role in ensuring that the small farmers should also gain from the new technology. The government provided loans at low rate of interest. The fertilisers and High Yielding Varieties (HYVs) of seeds were subsidised. Also easy and cheap credit was made available to the farmers so that they can buy expensive farm equipment.