Explain why malaria is restricted to the tropics?

cbse
human-health

#1

Plasmodium falciparum is the causative agent of the most severe form of malaria. It is distributed throughout the tropics. Explain why malaria is restricted to the tropics?


#2

Malaria is transmitted by Anopheles mosquito, which is insect vector for the Plasmodium falciparum parasite.
This parasite needs warm conditions with temperatures above 20°C to complete its life cycle in the mosquito. Therefore, mosquitoes breed in warm conditions of tropics and in areas of stagnant water.