Explain any three institutional reforms carried out by the government to improve agricultural production in India.
Ans. Institutional reforms carried out by the Government of India are
(i) Provision for crop insurance against drought, flood, cyclone, fire and disease.
(ii) Establishment of Grameen (regional rural) banks, cooperative societies and banks for providing loan facilities to the farmers at lower rates of interest.
(iii) Establishment of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), agricultural universities, veterinary services and animal breeding centres, horticulture development, research and development in the field of meteorology and weather forecasting etc.