Discuss the reason for which our agricultural sector is dominated by intensive subsistence farming.
Ans. Following are reasons for which our agricultural
sector is dominating by intensive subsistence farming
(i) Due to law of inheritance, the limited arable land is fragmented through successive generations and now average individual land holding reduced to an uneconomic position.
(ii) Land holdings are not only reduced but also • became fragmented. So, technological
application is not viable for the formers.
(iii) Huge population along with high amount of domestic animals depends on this limited agricultural land. So, farmers use intensive irrigation and put bio-chemical inputs to draw more production and the ceaseless exploitation of land without adequate measure for replenishment gradually reduces productivity.
(iv) Less awareness about modern technology institutional limitations and bureaucratic apathy in implementation of reform measures compel the agriculture still depend on intensive subsistence farming.
(v) Land is only exploited regularly to sustenance of life not for commercialisation or well-being.