Merits of railways are
(i) They make it possible to conduct multifarious activities like business, sightseeing, pilgrimage along with transportation of goods over longer distances.
(ii) They bind the economic life of the country as well as accelerate the development of industry and agriculture.
Problems faced by the railways are
(i) Tickedess travel by a large number of passengers.
(ii) Theft and damage of railway property.