(i) Soil forming factors are Relief, Parent rock, climate, vegetation and other forms of life and time.
(ii) Various forces of nature such as change in temperature, actions of running water, wind and glaciers, activities of the decomposers etc. contribute to the formation of soil chemical and organic.
(iii) Changes which takes place in the soil are also equally important.
(iv) Soil also consists of organic matter (humus) and inorganic materials.