Living State : The living state is a non-equilibrium steady-state to be able to perform work.
(a) The living process is a constant effort to prevent falling into equilibrium and is achieved by energy input.
(b) The metabolism provides a mechanism for the production of energy.
© The living state and metabolism are synonymous, without metabolism there cannot exist a living : state.
(d) A living organism works continuously so it cannot
afford to reach equillibrium because a system at equilibrium cannot perform the work