(a) Reserved Constituency It is a constituency especially reserved for die weaker section i.e. Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes Need of the System
Weaker sections that get reservation in elections were victims of discrimination for centuries. So, if the representatives among them had not been elected, our Parliament and State Legislative Assemblies would have been deprived of the voice of a significant section of our society.
This system of Reserved Constituencies ( 84 seats for the Scheduled Castes and 47 for the Scheduled Tribes in Lok Sabha) makes our democracy a real representative democracy.
(b) The values of our Constitution makers highlighted in creating this policy is their desire to bring everyone in the society on the same platform. Hence, they advocated the value ‘equality for all’.