A sample of urine was diagnosed to contain high content of glucose and ketone bodies. Based on this observation, answer the following

chemical-coordinatio

#1

A sample of urine was diagnosed to contain high content of glucose and ketone bodies. Based on this observation, answer the following.
(i) Which endocrine gland and hormone is related to this condition?
(ii) Name the cells on which this hormone acts.
(iii) What is the condition called and how can it be rectified?


#2

(i) Pancreas gland and insulin hormone is related to this condition.
(ii) The β-cells of islets of Langerhans of pancreas.
(iii) Prolonged hyperglycaemia leads to a complex disorder, called diabetes mellitus, which is associated with loss of glucose through urine and formation of harmful compounds known as ketone bodies. Diabetic patients are successfully treated with insulin therapy.