Write about Ranjit Singh:
Lord-William Bentinck was the first Governor General to visualize a Russian threat to India. Hence, he was eager to negotiate friendly relations both with the ruler of Punjab, Maharajah Ranjit Singh and also with the Amirs of Sind. His earnest desire was that Afghanistan should be made a buffer state between India and any possible invader.
As an initial measure, an exchange of gifts took place between Lahore, the capital of Punjab and Calcutta, the seat of governor general. It was than followed by the meeting of Bentinck and Ranjit Singh on 25 October, 1831 at Rupar on the bank of the river Sutlej amidst show and splendor.
The Governor general was successful in winning the friendship of Ranjit Singh and the Indus Navigation. Treaty was concluded between them. This treaty opened up the Sutlej for Navigation. In addition, a commercial treaty was negotiated with Ranjit Singh. A similar treaty was also concluded with the Amirs of Sind.