What complex changes took place in the global agricultural economy by 1890?

  • Food no longer came from a nearby village or town, but from thousands of miles away.
  • It was not grown by a peasant tilling his own land, but by an agricultural worker.
  • It was transported by railway built for that very purpose and by ships which were increasingly manned in these decades by low-paid workers from Southern Europe, Asia, Africa and the Caribbean.