What are the major differences between deforestation and afforestation?
Differences between deforestation and afforestation are elucidated.
|Destruction of trees in the forest area and converting large area of land as a habitat for human beings is called as deforestation||Afforestation is planting of trees in barren lands to increase the area under forests.|
|Deforestation has many ill-effects on the environment.||Afforestation influences the climate of a particular area and shows positive effect on the environment.|
|Different causes for deforestation are urbanisation, industrialisation, construction of irrigation structures, forest fires, mining activities,wood collection etc.||Different causes for afforestation are to maintain the favourable temperature in the environment, regulate monsoons causing rainfall, restoring forests, providing habitat for wild life, prevent soil erosion etc.|
|Deforestation leads to increased carbon dioxide levels, global warming, late arrival of monsoon, effect on climate, loss of habitat by wildlife etc||Afforestation helps in maintaining balance in the nature.|
|Deforestation should be controlled||Awareness about afforestation should be created. Different afforestation programmes in India are Social Forestry, Agro Forestry and Urban Forestry Programme.|