The political condition of India at the time of arrival of Lord Wellesely.
In the north-western India, -the danger of Zaman Sha’s, aggression posed a serious threat to the British" power in India. In the North and Central India, the Marathas remained a formidable political power. The Nizam of Hyderabad employed the Frenchmen to train his army. The political unrest ‘ in the Karnatak region continued and Tipu Sultan had remained the uncompromising enemy of the British. .
Moreover, the policy of neutrality adopted by Sir John Shore, the successor of Cornwallis, created a kind of political unrest in India and greatly affected the contributed much to the growth of anti-British feelings, Further, Napoleon’s move for an Eastern Inprestige of the English. His non-intervention policy vasion created a fear among English statements. It was in this light that Wellesley moulded his policy. Preservation of British prestige and removal of French danger from India were Wellesley’s twin aims.
He was also thoroughly convinced that only a strong British power in India could reduce and control the existing tyranny and corruption in India states. Therefore, he reversed the non-intervention policy of his predecessor and formulated his master plan namely the ‘subsidiary alliance’.