"The guillotine was used to follow a policy of Reign to terror.” Comment.
The guillotine was a device consisting of two poles and a blade with which a person was beheaded. It was used by Robespierre, who followed a policy of 'Reign to Terror’ (1793-94) i.e. of severe control and punishment in France.
Those who did not agree with his methods were arrested, imprisoned and then tried by a revolutionary tribunal. If the court found them guilty, they were guillotined. It was named after Dr Guillotin who invented it. Finally, Robespierre himself was guillotined in July, 1794 after convicted by a court.