Prove that, lines which are parallel to the same line, are parallel to each other.

To prove a||b

Construction Draw a transversal r cutting a, b and c at points P, Q and R, respectively.

Proof Since, parallel lines a and c are intersected by the transversal r at points P and R, respectively.

∴∠1 = ∠3 [corresponding angles axiom] …(i)

Again, parallel lines b and c are intersected by the transversal r at points Q and R , respectively.

∴ ∠2 = ∠3 [corresponding angles axiom] …(ii)

From Eqs. (i) and (ii), we get ∠1 = ∠2

But these are corresponding angles.

∴ a||b [by converse of corresponding angles axiom]