Give the role of liver in the human beings.
Liver is the largest gland in human beings.
Its main functions are as follows:
- It secretes bile juice which makes the medium of the food alkaline and also emulsifies fat.
- It stores the excess of glucose in the form of glycogen.
- Old worn-out RBCs are broken down in liver cells. Their haemoglobin is changed into bile pigments.
- The ammonia is produced as a result of metabolism of amino acids. It is highly The ammonia combines with C02 and is converted into urea (less toxic).
- It stores vitamins, iron and copper.
- It produces fibrinogen and helps in blood-clotting.
- It produces heparin which does not allow the clotting of blood inside the blood vessels.
- It regulates the volume of blood to some extent.
- RBCs are produced at the foetus stage by the liver.