Give reasons for decline in food production in India

Give reasons for decline in food production in India.

The reasons responsible for the decline in the growth of food production are :

  1. Land degradation in the form of depletion of soil fertility, erosion and water logging has increased.
  2. Disparities in productivity across regions and between rainfed and irrigated areas has ; increased.
  3. Long-term factors include steep decline in per capita land availability (land holdings) and shrinking of farm size for the agrarian crisis.
  4. Land issues such as SEZs (Special Economic Zone), land put into non-agricultural uses, alienation of tribal land, etc are becoming important.
  5. Farmers’ suicides under pressure of indebtedness and poverty leads to a shift of occupation from agriculture to other sectors, this leads to further decline in food production.