Find out the major similarities between colonial management of forests in Bastar and Java.
The major similarities between colonial management of forests in Bastar and Java are as follows :
The Dutch, like the British, wanted timber to build ship and to make sleepers for railway tracks. Both the British and the Dutch enacted forest laws to control the forests and put restrictions on the customary rights of the local people.
The local people were prevented from entering the forests, they could not graze cattle or cut wood or take forest produce without permission. The British and the Dutch introduced scientific forestry. Both the governments banned shifting cultivation.
Some villagers in Bastar were allowed to stay in the forest on the condition that their people would provide free labour for the Forest Department in cutting and transportation of trees and protecting the forests from fire.