Explain the Antyodaya Anna Yojana introduced by the Government of India.
The main objective of the Antyodaya Anna Yojana or the AAY scheme is to provide food security to the people who came Below the Poverty Line (BPL). Depending on their annual income of the family they got the subsidised food at their locality itself. This scheme was launched in December 2000.
Under this scheme one crore of the poorest among the BPL families covered under Public Distribution System (PDS) were identified. Each state identifies the poor families under BPL category through survery. Following is the list of all features included in this scheme:
- Giving to economically insecure families at subsidised rates.
- Providing food about 35 kg (Previously it was 25 Kg) of rice/wheat to poor families per month.
- Food grains, e.g, wheat at ? 2 per kg and rice at?3 per kg are given.
- Generation of special Ration cards and distributed by the state government. This scheme has been further expanded in June 2003 and in August 2004 and 2 crore families have been covered by this scheme.