Explain any three factors responsible for promoting migration to Mumbai (Bombay) during 19th and 20th centuries

Explain any three factors responsible for promoting migration to Mumbai (Bombay) during 19th and 20th centuries.

  • Bombay became the capital of the Bombay Presidency in 1819.
  • The city quickly expanded with the growth of trade in cotton and opium.
  • Large communities of traders, bankers as well as artisans and shopkeepers came to settle in Bombay.
  • Cotton textile mill was established in 1854. By 1921, there were 85 cotton mills with about 1,46,000 workers.
  • Bombay dominated the maritime trade of India till well in to the twentieth century.
  • The railway encouraged an even higher scale of migrations.
  • Famine in the dry regions of Kutch, pushed people to migrate to Bombay.