Describe the status of poverty during the early independence period?

India has one of the highest concentration of poor in the world. One of the main reason of poverty is historical, i.e. the economic exploitation by the Britishers.
Since independence, poverty is major challenge faced by India. During early independence period the poverty rate was very high in India. The economic growth during this period was also very low. There was about 45% poverty in the early 1950s which remained the ’ same till the early eighties.