Describe the current anti-poverty strategy of the Government of India?
Various strategies introduced by the government for poverty alleviation are as listed below:
- Increase in Economic growth of the country : This is the most important element for decline in poverty. Increase in the economic growth will provide greater national income which can be used for the development of people under the poverty line.
- Employment programmes : Creating employment programmes and opportunities for people residing in rural as well as urban areas. This will result in unemployed people getting jobs which will lead to generation of income in the economy.
- Food safety programmes : Meeting the basic need of access to food is a major challenge for the people below the poverty line. Malnutrition can be found in all age groups, especially among children. Therefore, there is an urgent need to provide for the safety net of food subsidy to poor people.
- Population Control : This too can be counted as the main element that can bring about reduction in the poverty. It will help in raising the per capita income of the country. Moreover, the gap between the rates of increase in the economy and the poverty can be eliminated to a greater extent.
- Land reforms: Landless or small time farmers should be provided with land acquired after imposition of the ceiling. Fragmentation of land should be checked and land consolidation should be undertaken.
- However, the anti-poverty measures mainly target at increase in the economic growth and poverty alleviation programmes.